Do you remember these things?
They’re 5.25-inch floppy disks. And if you’re under twenty-five years old, you’ve probably never used one as anything other than a coaster for a drink.
But back in the 1980s, these beauties were the state of the art. The forerunner of 3.5-inch disks and CD-ROMS, floppy disks usually held less than one megabyte of data, which meant you could get carpal tunnel taking disks in and out. In fact, if you were going to install Windows 7 using 5.25 inch disks, you’d need 2,084 of them.
In January of 1986—exactly 25 years ago—the first ever PC virus ended up on one of these disks. The virus was called Brain and it was created by “Basit and Amjad” in Lahore, Pakistan. Of course in 1986, there was no public Internet, writing viruses was legal and only science fiction writers and IT experts were worried about the threat of self-replicating computer programs.
Did Basit and Amjad have any idea what kind of phenomenon they were sparking?
F-Secure’s Chief Research Officer Mikko Hypponen has decided to travel to Pakistan to interview the creators of Brain. He’ll find out what they’re doing now and how they feel about the development of computer viruses over the last 25 years. And he’ll be documenting his trip on film and through his Twitter account.
We’d love for you to participate in this adventure. Do you have a question you’d like to ask the creators of Brain? Post it here. Mikko will be taking the best ones with him.
You can also expect lots more information about Brain and 25 years of PC viruses over the next month. We’ll be looking back on the digital world that Brain helped created and forward to a more secure future. And we hope you’ll join us.
Yet another high-profile vulnerability in the headlines, Shellshock. This one could be a big issue. The crap could really hit the fan big time if someone creates a worm that infects servers, and that is possible. But the situation seems to be brighter for us ordinary users. The affected component is the Unix/Linux command shell Bash, which is only used by nerdy admins. It is present in Macs as well, but they seem to be unaffected. Linux-based Android does not use Bash and Windows is a totally different world. So we ordinary users can relax and forget about this one. We are not affected. Right? WRONG! Where is your cloud content stored? What kind of software is used to protect your login and password, credit card number, your mail correspondence, your social media updates and all other personal info you store in web-based systems? Exactly. A significant part of that may be on systems that are vulnerable to Shellshock, and that makes you vulnerable. The best protection against vulnerabilities on your own devices is to make sure the automatic update services are enabled and working. That is like outsourcing the worries to professionals, they will create and distribute fixes when vulnerabilities are found. But what about the servers? You have no way to affect how they are managed, and you don’t even know if the services you use are affected. Is there anything you can do? Yes, but only indirectly. This issue is an excellent reminder of some very basic security principles. We have repeated them over and over, but they deserve to be repeated once again now. You can’t control how your web service providers manage their servers, but you can choose which providers you trust. Prefer services that are managed professionally. Remember that you always can, and should, demand more from services you pay for. Never reuse your password on different services. This will not prevent intrusions, but it will limit the damage when someone breaks into the system. You may still be hurt by a Shellshock-based intrusion even if you do this, but the risk should be small and the damage limited. Anyway, you know you have done your part, and its bad luck if an incident hurts you despite that. Safe surfing, Micke PS. The best way to evaluate a service provider’s security practices is to see how they deal with security incidents. It tells a lot about their attitude, which is crucial in all security work. An incident is bad, but a swift, accurate and open response is very good. Addition on September 30th. Contrary to what's stated above, Mac computers seem to be affected and Apple has released a patch. It's of course important to keep your device patched, but this does not really affect the main point of this article. Your cloud content is valuable and part of that may be on vulnerable servers.
On Tuesday Apple announced its latest iPhone models and a new piece of wearable technology some have been anxiously waiting for -- Apple Watch. TechRadar describes the latest innovation from Cupertino as "An iOS 8-friendly watch that plays nice with your iPhone." And if it works like your iPhone, you can expect that it will free of all mobile malware threats, unless you decide to "jailbreak" it. The latest F-Secure Labs Threat Report clears up one big misconception about iOS malware: It does exist, barely. In the first half of 2014, 295 new families and variants or mobile malware were discovered – 294 on Android and one on iOS. iPhone users can face phishing scams and Wi-Fi hijacking, which is why we created our Freedome VPN, but the threat of getting a bad app on your iOS device is almost non-existent. "Unlike Android, malware on iOS have so far only been effective against jailbroken devices, making the jailbreak tools created by various hacker outfits (and which usually work by exploiting undocumented bugs in the platform) of interest to security researchers," the report explains. The iOS threat that was found earlier this year, Unflod Baby Panda, was designed to listen to outgoing SSL connections in order to steal the device’s Apple ID and password details. Apple ID and passwords have been in the news recently as they may have played a role in a series of hacks of celebrity iCloud accounts that led to the posting of dozens of private photos. Our Mikko Hypponen explained in our latest Threat Report Webinar that many users have been using these accounts for years, mostly to purchase items in the iTunes store, without realizing how much data they were actually protecting. But Unflod Baby Panda is very unlikely to have played any role in the celebrity hacks, as "jailbreaking" a device is still very rare. Few users know about the hack that gives up the protection of the "closed garden" approach of the iOS app store, which has been incredibly successful in keeping malware off the platform, especially compared to the more open Android landscape. The official Play store has seen some infiltration by bad apps, adware and spamware -- as has the iOS app store to a far lesser degree -- but the majority of Android threats come from third-party marketplaces, which is why F-Secure Labs recommends you avoid them. The vast majority of iPhone owners have never had to worry about malware -- and if the Apple Watch employs the some tight restrictions on apps, the device will likely be free of security concerns. However, having a watch with the power of a smartphone attached to your body nearly twenty-four hours a day promises to introduce privacy questions few have ever considered.
Our Freedome VPN service hit a new milestone this summer. We added our newest location in Paris, France and now have 11 nodes in 10 different countries: Canada (Toronto) Finland (Espo) France (Paris) Germany (Sachsen) Hong Kong Italy (Milan) Netherlands (Amsterdam) Singapore Spain (Madrid) Sweden (Stockholm) United Kingdom (London) United States (East Coast) United States (West Coast) That means regardless where you are in world, you can pick any of these locations to mask your whereabouts and use any of the services you love. Freedome also acts a VPN to encrypt your data so a free Wi-Fi network is safe for private transactions along, and it includes anti-virus, anti-tracking, and anti-phishing. It's been localized into 10 different locations and will soon be available for iOS devices. If you travel -- our just want your phone to think you're traveling -- this is the kind of protection you need. Get it now from the Google Play or iTunes store. Cheers, Sandra, UPDATED: Hong Kong and Singapore were added on September 15, 2014. [Image by jvieras via Flickr]